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Eye Diseases

A quick look at some of the most common eye diseases diagnosed and often treated at Fenton Vision Center

“Eye diseases” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye diseases and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth information, please speak with your eye care provider at Fenton Vision Center.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids, which can result in eye- redness, increased tearing, and/or discharge. It’s caused by bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust. Pink eye is highly contagious.While many minor cases improve within two weeks, it’s highly contagious and can develop into  serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit your eye care provider at Fenton Vision Center for an examination and treatment.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is a general term for a group of eye problems that can result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma. Diabetic Eye Disease can result in permanent vision loss, so early detection and treatment is of the utmost importance. Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease, so it is important that you don’t wait for symptoms to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam.


Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure of the eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness. With no signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease, regular eye exams are vital to detecting it early, slowing the progress of the disease. While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, also called Age-related Macular Degederation (AMD), is a chronic progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of  a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. There are two forms of AMD called “dry,” which is the most common and with no known treatment, and “wet,” which is less common but treatable with laser procedures. Genetic testing is now available to help identify those most likely to develop “wet” macular degeneration. In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. For suggestions, speak with your eye care provider at Fenton Vision Center.

Fenton Vision Center has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye diseases detailed above, as well as many other eye diseases, at our office in Fenton. For more information please schedule an appointment with your optometrist, and we’ll be in touch with you shortly.